Like most of the great ideas that people come up with, everything began with a single pencil; borrowed from the graphite that has been utilized to create lead found in pencils, graphene has been considered to be a miracle material of the 21st century. It is currently the world’s thinnest, strongest, and most conductive material that has been discovered but what exactly is graphene and why has it become so important?
A very simple way to explain what graphene really isis that graphene is a single layer of thin graphite – a flaky and soft material that has been used for pencil lead for over five hundred years. Graphite is carbon’s allotrope which means that this contains the same atoms but these are arranged differently which provides varying properties to the material. Moreover, once graphene has been secluded from graphite, it clearly takes on a different property which allows graphene to become highly notable; it is an atom thick and is actually the first 2-dimensional material to ever be discovered. Moreover, graphene is also among the strongest materials to have been known, and because of its great potential, this material may eventually replace thousands of current applications which in turn could make the future into a place that greatly functions on graphene technology.
Extremely thin, astoundingly strong and very flexible, the highly unique 2D graphene is able to conduct electricity in a more improved manner compared to copper; plus, it also conducts heat better than every other material known for thermal conductivity. The sheets of carbon graphite molecules are near transparent and since it features a hexagonal-like pattern, the sheets of graphene are usually described as chicken wires created from carbon atoms. As time passes, the graphene uses for a variety of applications continue to grow and flourish, and as graphene production progresses, it may possibly revolutionize even more functions and operations in the near future.
With our current industry that correlates smartphones on how thin they really are, graphene is a highly attractive material to utilize. Based on research, experts have noted that it would take about a million thin sheets of graphene for it to be a millimeter in thickness; think about phones that are flexible, computing that goes at high-speed, plus devices that are wearable with complete and full pliability. With all of the graphene properties that can be utilized and a vast number of applications, there is a big possibility that graphene technology will be more prominent and a very vital necessity for every field in the future. Yet despite these ideas, the biggest progress that graphene could reach when it comes to portable electronics is the battery life. Experts say that graphene has the highest potential to actually allow lithium batteries to improve its performance and may have more than ten times the capacity of electricity compared to the currently available batteries in the market; this could actually make every smartphone last for more than a week between recharging.
Provided that graphene does seem to have an endless number of positive attributes, one would expect to see its presence everywhere; yet if this is the case, graphene has not really been widely embraced because graphene is still very expensive to create in large numbers, thus limiting the use of this material in items that would require mass production.
As we set aside the issue of graphene production, experts still continue to research about this amazing material; research laboratories located all over the world are consistently and continuously filing patents for fresh procedures for creating and utilizing graphene.